or chronic, localized inflammation, with a collection of pus, associated with
tissue destruction and, frequently, swelling, usually secondary to infection.
tooth or implant used to support a prosthesis.
procedure for recontouring alveolar structures, usually in preparation for a
alloy used in dental restorations.
to the teeth in the forward part of the mouth – incisors and canines.
view radiograph of the coronal portion of the tooth.
prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth on a framework that may be
removed by the patient.
parafunctional grinding of the teeth
deposit of mineralized material adhering to crowns and/or roots of teeth.
narrow tubular passage or channel; space inside the root portion of a tooth
containing pulp tissue.
used term for tooth decay.
in tooth caused by caries
dental restorative material made up of disparate or separate parts.
of the tooth that is covered with enamel and normally projects beyond the
gingival margin; artificial replacement is called by the same name.
surgical procedure exposing more tooth for restorative purposes by apically
positioning the gingival margin and/or removing supporting bone.
or cleaning the walls of a cavity or gingival pocket.
of below the gum line and/or above the gum line plaque and calculus, which
obstructs the ability to perform an evaluation.
lay term of carious lesions in a tooth.
and polishing procedure performed to remove plaque, calculus, and stains from
the crown of the tooth.
artificial substitute for natural teeth and adjacent tissues.
the back of the dental arch (or away from the midline).
inflammation of the tooth socket following extraction due to infection or loss
of blood clot.
calcified tissue covering the outer portion of a tooth.
dental specialist who limits his/her practice to treating disease and injuries
of the pulp and surrounding portion of the root of teeth.
(Oral Evaluation) A
dentist thoroughly evaluates the state of health of the patient including a
thorough examination of the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity and
includes but is not limited to the use of diagnostic information acquired
through interpretation of appropriate dental radiographs and may also include
pulp vitality tests, transillumination, study models and laboratory tests,
of a tooth or tooth parts.
lay term used for the restoring of lost tooth structure by using material such
as metal, alloy, plastic or porcelain.
fibers covered by a mucous membrane that attaches the cheek, lips, and/or
tongue to associated dental mucosa.
tissue (gum tissue) overlaying the crowns of un-erupted teeth and encircling
the necks of those that have erupted.
of gingival (gum) tissue without loss of connective tissue.
piece of tissue or synthetic material placed in contact with tissue to repair
a defect or supplement a deficiency.
constructed for placement immediately after removal of remaining natural
un-erupted or partially erupted tooth that is positioned against another
tooth, bone, or soft tissue so that complete eruption is unlikely.
inserted or grafted into tissue.
dental restoration made outside the mouth to correspond to the prepared tooth,
which is then cemented to the tooth.
the adjoining surfaces of adjacent teeth in the same arch.
to or around the tongue; surface of the tooth directed toward the tongue.
for preserving the state of health of the periodontium.
the midline of the dental arch.
Classification of The
noble metal classification system has been adopted as a precise method of
reporting various alloys used in dentistry.Alloys are defined on the basis of the percentage of metal content:
noble Gold, Palladium and/or Platinum >= 60%
and titanium alloys Titanium > 85%
Gold, Palladium, and/or
Platinum >= 25%
base Gold, Palladium, and/or Platinum < 25%
posterior to the bicuspids on either side of the jaw; grinding teeth having
large crowns and broad chewing surfaces.
to the biting or chewing surfaces of the upper and lower teeth.
and Maxillo-Facial Surgeon A
dental specialist whose practice is limited to the diagnosis, surgical and
adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, deformities, defects and esthetic
aspects of the oral and maxillofacial regions.
dental specialist whose practice is limited to the interception and treatment
of malocclusion (improper alignment) of the teeth and their surrounding
that relieves pain but is not curative.
radiograph on which the upper and lower jaw is depicted on a single film.
refers to a prosthetic device that replaces missing teeth.
dental specialist whose practice is limited to treatment of children from
birth through adolescence; formerly known as a Pedodontist.
area surrounding the end of the tooth root.
dental specialist whose practice is limited to the treatment of diseases of
the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth.
and loss of the connective tissue of the supporting or surrounding structure
of teeth with loss of attachment.
soft sticky substance that accumulates on teeth composed largely of bacteria.
and polishing procedure performed to remove plaque, calculus and stains from
the crown of teeth.
dental specialist whose practice is limited to the restoration of natural
teeth and/or the replacement of missing teeth with artificial substitutes.
removal of the crown portion of the pulp.
of four equal sections into which the dental arches can be divided.
of resurfacing the tissue side of a denture with new base material.
anatomic portion the tooth that is located in the socket.
Canal Therapy The
treatment of disease and injuries of the pulp and associated portions
surrounding the root of a tooth.
procedure designed to remove microbial flora, bacterial toxins, calculus and
diseased portion on the root surfaces and in the pocket.
of plaque, calculus, and stain from teeth.
material that is bonded to a tooth to seal pits, fissures, and enamel defects
to prevent caries (decay).
used to repair an incision or wound.
connecting hinge mechanism between the base of the skull and the lower jaw.
Joint Dysfunction problems
with the jaw joint.
that have not penetrated into the oral cavity.
the construction of crowns, a layer of tooth-colored material,attached to the surface by fusion, cementation, or mechanical
retention; also refers to a restoration that is bonded to the facial surface
of a tooth.